Funk and Garcia-Monet: The relationship between personal and national concerns in public perceptions about the economy
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Funk and Garcia-Monet. 1997. The relationship between personal and national concerns in public perceptions about the economy. Political Research Quarterly 50 (June): 317-342.
- Who/what are they challenging? Economic self-interest as determinant of political decisions.
- Question: Are the findings that show people voting sociotropically (rather than out of self-interest) really mistaking sociotropic-ness for indirect self-interest?
- Data used: NES surveys 1990; 1992
- Expectations based on Kinder and Kiewiet (1981): Pocketbook has less impact than sociotropic-ness in making political decisions.
- All you need to know: We need an alternative explanation(s) for sociotropic voting. Indirect self-interest isn't enough.
|Hypothesis||H1: "Relationship between national economic conditions and political evaluations reflects an indirect role of self-interest which operates through perceptions of national conditions" (336)||H2: Those who think government policy will affect their personal financial situation are more likely to judge the national economy based on personal economic perceptions.||H3: Personal experience should influence political judgements (presidential approval of economy). Tested where pocketbook effects most likely to be found (p.330)|
|IV(s)||personal economic experience||attribute personal financial success to government policy||personal economic experience|
|DV||Retrospective evaluations of national economy; Prospective evaluations of national economy||Judge national economy by personal economic perceptions||approval of presidential economic policy|
|Findings||Retrospective evaluations show some support of indirect self-interest model. Prospective: Personal expectations modestly influence expectations of the nation.||Mixed results. Some evidence that attribution leads to increased personal economic evaluation influence on national economic evaluations.||More support for indirect self-interest model than H1 or H2.|
- Some support for indirect self-interest model, but not overwhelming. Retrospective judgements were particularly weak under the indirect self-interest model.
- The findings were strongest for the presidential economic approval. This was expected as it is a "domain specific" measure.