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Edelman: Social movements

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Edelman. 2001. Social movements: Changing paradigms and forms of politics. Annual Review of Anthropology 30: 285-315.

"This article tells four long stories in a short space. The first is an account of the post-1960s paradigm shift in social scientific studies of collective action, which, though overly abbreviated and canonical, is necessary for examining the state of the field today and particularly what transpired when theory traveled beyond Europe and North America. The second is an appraisal of how ideas about periodization shaped competing post-1960s analytical frameworks. The third concerns the centrifugal and centripetal, or fragmenting and unifying, impacts of identity politics, the disproportionate attention social scientists devote to movements they like, and their infrequent efforts to theorize right-wing movements. The fourth story involves new developments in social movements themselves, particularly an intensifying transnational activism, a disenchantment on the part of diverse activists with identity politics, and a resurgence of varied kinds of struggles against inequality." (286)